If you have a pregnant dog mommy at home, you should know what to expect from the puppies as soon as they come alive. And you are probably wondering, "when do puppies open their eyes?"
The guide down below will tell you everything about that.
Let’s get started!
When the puppy is first born, he is blind, deaf, and fully dependent on his mother. He cannot survive without her. However, experts have found that it is actually beneficial for the puppy to be born unable to use his senses.
It has proven to help him adjust to the new world of light and sound. Also, it is good for him because of the pack’s predator instinct to keep moving and leaving the injured behind. Being fully dependent on the mother keeps them safe as the mother protects them.
The puppy starts to open his eyes at the age of two weeks (10 - 17days). At that time, his sight is still underdeveloped. The eyelids slowly open up and take in the massive amount of light coming through.
In the first few days, his eyes start to see, and he begins to hear a little bit too. He will be more interested in discovering the world around him although he is not yet able to walk. He’ll start crawling a little farther than just next to his mother.
If the puppy does not open his eyes after two weeks, (it’s not recommended, but..) you can do that yourself by using cotton and warm water. However, it is BETTER to take him to a vet as soon as possible. Your newborn puppy may need any type of medical treatment, and only highly skilled vets can do the job well.
At first, the puppy only drinks the milk his mother provides him. However, as he starts to grow, he gains more weight (two times bigger than the first day he was born), and he starts to grow sharp teeth.
At this point, in the wild, the mommy dog leaves her pups for longer periods of time and rarely feeds them her own milk. Their teeth can hurt her nipples, so she regurgitates food for them. A puppy will become less independent afterward as the weaning stage starts.
Check out the video down below that shows the growth of a newborn Pomeranian puppy from day 1 to day 14.
The weaning stage starts after the puppy’s eyes open and he discovers the world around him. He usually grows small sharp teeth that irritate the mother, who decides to give him less milk from her nipples.
For a dog owner and a newborn puppies breeder, you should start introducing him to canned food at this stage. His new teeth aren’t yet ready to eat dry food, but they will soon adapt as the need for more protein grows. With the mother not providing enough nutrition, and his body in a critical need to grow bigger and stronger, he will be willing to try the new diet slowly.
However, you should NOT change the puppy’s diet overnight. The process can take a week or two before he fully moves on from his mother’s milk to your vet recommended diet. Yes, ask your vet about the diet. Don’t guess what to feed him.
At this age, the puppy is relatively independent of his mother and ready to discover the environment. With his fully developed eyesight and hearing, he will be walking, running, and jumping around the house. That means it is time for socialization.
Your puppy needs to see people and interact with them. You need to create a few noisy situations so he can grow fearless of loud sounds. If not, he’ll grow afraid and lack confidence. Make sure that you are using a gentle voice all the time and rewarding his behavior as much as possible.
You can even try training him to follow a few basic commands. He won’t understand really, but it’s good to get him familiarized with what’s coming in the remaining of his life.
This independent puppy is doing all that a puppy can do. He runs, jumps, bites, barks, and anything else he feels like doing. It’s so cute! But it needs to be stopped when it is excessive. The puppy will learn what not to do from other pets at home and will want rewards too.
With enough socialization, the puppy won’t have to fear newcomers and noises that come out of nowhere. He is less likely to control his behavior, but at least, he’ll understand what’s good and what’s bad based on how you react to what he does.
However, it is BAD to change his environment at this stage. That will confuse him and quickly puts him in a defensive zone.
Puppies usually lose their set of baby teeth at the age of four months. However, each breed has its own time frame. You will have to check your dog’s mouth on your own when he is at the right age. If it takes longer than four and half months, you should make a trip to the vet.
Also, check the American Kennel Club article on puppies’ baby teeth here.
The answer depends on the breed, the dog, the nutrition, and the environment where your puppy lives. Generally, smaller breeds can grow a lot sooner than larger breeds. Small breeds grow mature in about a year, while the larger ones can take up to two years. Therefore, smaller breed puppies stop growing at around one or one and a half years of age. Larger breeds stop growing when they are between two and two and a half years old.
Now that you know the stages of a puppy's life, let us know in the comments down below what stage your puppy is at.
We'll be happy to answer questions to the best of our knowledge (although, calling a vet is much simpler and much more recommended).
Hi, there! My name is Youness, a professional content writer and marketer. I love dogs, and I think Huskies are, for most of the time, better than humans. I am, also, the owner and editor of WritersDo. I hope you enjoyed reading this blog post because I enjoyed writing it. Don't forget to share it with your friends!